Recreation Trails Strategy

The RMOW is leading the development of a non-motorized Recreation Trails Strategy (RTS) that will guide direction related to trail and trail-related amenity development, improvement, access, funding and management.

Current status: Phase 3

The first round of community engagement took place last fall, the results of which are presented in the Public Engagement Summary – Phase 2 document.

Phase 3 of the project will include the second and final round of community engagement, which is scheduled for October. This round of engagement will focus on the core content of the RTS, including the results and recommendations of suitability analyses of Whistler’s trail network areas (e.g., Cheakamus, Westside-Sproatt, etc.).  

Ways to participate:

  • View the Recreation Trails Strategy engagement page to review the identified trial areas, their suitability analysis and recommendations, and to provide feedback via online survey
  • Join us on October 18 for a virtual information session to:
    • Hear an overview of the Recreation Trails Strategy to date
    • Learn about the 11 identified trail areas, and their suitability analysis and draft recommendations.
    • Learn how to provide your input during the phase 3 engagement

Wednesday, October 18
5:30p.m. to 7 p.m.
Online via Zoom – Register to attend

Phase 3 timeline

The project is currently in the community engagement phase where we are sharing the background work done to date and asking for input on the Initial Directions that have emerged so far. Community input will help to inform the development of the Recreation Trails Strategy and the recommendations contained within it. What we hear from the community will be shared back in summary form on this page, our online RTS engagement page, and as part of the Recreation Trails Strategy report presented to Council at the end of the project.

Prior to this community engagement phase, we have hosted workshops with municipal committees and working group stakeholders including the Trails Planning Working Group, the Whistler Bear Advisory Committee, the Forests and Wildlands Advisory Committee, and the Recreation and Leisure Advisory Committee.

View Phase 2 Public Engagement Summary


In Whistler, trails exist on Resort Municipality of Whistler (RMOW) property, crown land, private property, and in some cases leased land. Decisions related to Whistler’s trail networks can be complex given the multiple jurisdictions and stakeholders involved.

The purpose of the Recreation Trails Strategy is to guide how decisions are made related to trail management and development in Whistler.

The Recreation Trails Strategy will not specify the number, location or types of trails, which will be the focus for a future and more detailed non-motorized Trails Master Plan.

Elements being considered through the development of the Recreation Trails Strategy include:

  • Trail access and staging areas
  • Environmentally responsible trail development
  • Trail inventory
  • Trail approval process
  • Unsanctioned trails
  • Communications
  • Commercial and event use
  • Trail funding

Given the urgent nature of some of the elements above, recent initiatives have been undertaken, including management and monitoring initiatives related to grizzly bears, alpine areas and e-bikes. Ongoing trails implementation and engagement will also continue in parallel, and in coordination to this work. A more complete list of recent initiatives is included in the Background section below.


  • Achieve shared high-level direction related to:
    • Non-motorized trail and trail-related amenity development, improvements, access, funding and management, including approaches, practices and responsibilities
    • Potential areas for future trail connectedness, development and improvement
    • Emerging trail user types and needs
    • Non-motorized trail-related challenges that have emerged in recent years
  • Establish the groundwork for a future and more detailed Trails Master Plan
  • Enhance community understanding of the breadth and complexity of trail management, and the associated financial implications
  • Identify reliable and consistent funding sources for annual trail maintenance
  • Develop a clear, easy to use Recreation Trails Strategy document that articulates shared trail-related direction and integrates all key trail-related topics together in one place

Project phases and timelines

Project Planning (complete): The project planning phase included defining project parameters, an online survey, and the development of a request for proposal (RFP) to seek consultants to assist with the Recreation Trails Strategy. Results from the March 2021 community survey were used to gather input from community members about trail-related challenges, goals and current initiatives to help inform project planning. Following a public Request for Proposals call, Cascade Environmental Resource Group Ltd. and the Whistler Centre for Sustainability were retained by the municipality in May 2022.

Strategy Development (2022/23): The strategy development phases and deliverables will be determined through the project planning phase and finalized with assistance from the project consultants. It includes trail-related amenities such as trailhead parking and washrooms, trail signage, lookouts, and more.

Community engagement  

Community members, trail stakeholders and partners will be engaged through the project. The initial RTS project planning phase included an online survey to gather input to inform further development of the project plan. The Community Survey Results Summary is now complete.  

During the development of the RTS, engagement with the broader community will continue. Further, it is expected that engagement will also involve stakeholders, community partners and representatives of the Squamish First Nation and Lil’wat First Nation, ensuring their interests, objectives and concerns are considered and reflected in the plan as much as possible. Some of the stakeholder groups and partners we expect to engage are: 

  • Trails Planning Working Group 
  • Forest and Wildland Advisory Committee 
  • Recreation Leisure Advisory Committee 
  • Whistler Bear Advisory Committee
  • WORCA 
  • AWARE  
  • Alpine Club of Canada (Whistler Section)  
  • Trials99 (observed trails riding)
  • Squamish Nation and Lil’wat Nation 
  • Cheakamus Community Forest 
  • Recreation Sites and Trails BC 
  • Other land managers 

Project scope 

Trails within the scope of the RTS will include off-road trails on municipal, Crown and private land, including those that are formally established and those that are not. It also includes trail-related amenities such as trailhead parking and washrooms, trail signage, lookouts, etc. The Valley Trail network and resource roads (including forest service and resource or infrastructure access roads) are generally outside of the project scope. However, where they provide access to or have an impact on recreational off-road trails, they will be considered in the project.

While non-motorized, non-winter (i.e. spring, summer, fall) recreational trail use will be the focus of the Recreation Trails Strategy there is one motorized exception: observed trials motorcycles. Observed trials motorcycle use will be included as it predates mountain biking in Whistler, continues to this day, and many of today’s mountain bike trails originated as trials motorcycle trails.

Dirt motorcycles (also known as dirt bikes), snowmobiles and snow bikes will be excluded from this project as they are prohibited from using the recreational non-motorized trails targeted in this project. Snowmobile use on Mount Sproatt and Rainbow Mountain will be excluded from this project. These uses are currently managed by the local snowmobile clubs and Recreation Sites and Trails BC, with direct input from the RMOW.

The geographic scope of the project covers the area within Whistler’s municipal boundary (see red dotted line on the map below). Particular emphasis will be placed upon the interface between the Whistler Urban Development Containment Area boundary (black solid line surrounding the Whistler’s developed area) and adjacent and tenured lands, as well as assets of municipal interest or investment outside of the municipal boundary such as the alpine trail networks on Mount Sproatt and Rainbow Mountain. The Whistler Interpretive Forest will be included. Whistler Blackcomb’s Controlled Recreation Area (pink dotted line), Garibaldi Provincial Park (BC Parks) and Whistler Olympic Park will be excluded from the scope, but engagement will occur with these organizations for compatibility reasons as much as possible. 


Collectively, Whistler’s non-motorized recreational trails:

  • provide a renowned recreational experience for thousands of people annually
  • are a significant driver of local and provincial economic activity in the summer
  • contribute immensely to the physical, mental and spiritual health and well-being of Whistler residents and visitors
  • are critical to the sense of place and way of life in Whistler.

The natural environment where trails are located underpin these health, social and economic benefits.

In the absence of a formal trail master plan, Whistler’s trail network has grown organically over the decades, initially with hiking and motorized trials motorcycle riding, and later mountain biking. The network exists in a range of environments, including valley bottom areas, forests of second and old growth trees, logged areas, and alpine zones.

The trail network exists across a variety of jurisdictional responsibilities, and while some trails possess formal standing, many others do not. Those that are formally recognized are managed by a variety of organizations overseeing a complex, yet incomplete, ownership and responsibility matrix.

Whistler trail users include hikers, mountain bikers, trail runners, dogs, events, commercial users, and more.  Over the last five years recreational trail use has increased significantly in almost every jurisdiction in the province, and Whistler is no exception. The explosion in trail use is fueled by population growth, transportation and access improvements, e-bike technology and, more recently, the COVID-19 pandemic.

Surging use brings new and exacerbated challenges, including those related to trailhead parking and amenities, trail overcrowding, trail maintenance, natural areas protection, wildlife conflicts and more.

There have been many trail-related planning, development, maintenance and management initiatives over the years by a collection of partners and players, including trail builders, WORCA, Recreation Sites and Trails BC, Alpine Club of Canada (Whistler section), and Trials 99. Recent and upcoming key initiatives include:

  • Improvements to further protect Rainbow Lake and 21 Mile Creek water supply area (RMOW)
  • For the alpine trails located upon Mount Sproatt and Rainbow Mountain, the Alpine Ranger Program, the Grizzly Bear-Human Conflict Mitigation Strategy, the Grizzly Bear Response Plan, and an annual monitoring program (RMOW)
  • Draft e-bike policy (RMOW)
  • Parking signage improvements in neighbourhood areas (RMOW)
  • Facility improvements at select trailheads (RMOW)
  • Provision of trail access from Emerald Estates to One Duck Lake trail network (RMOW)
  • New trail development, including Chipmunk Rebellion, Tunnel Vision Connector, FarOut/Flashback (WORCA)
  • Development of a coordinated approach regarding unauthorized trails and commercial use of authorized trails located upon Crown lands (RSTBC)
  • Fitzsimmons Creek Trail and bridge (Singing Pass) planning and approval (RSTBC)
  • Development of an RMOW Non Exclusive Use Permit system (pilot program) for organziaed groups seeking to use municipal trails
  • Development of a WORCA Special Events Trail Policy providing a framework for creating positive working relationships with event organizers while sustainability managing WORCA-maintained trails for all stakeholders over the long term

Guiding documents

The documents below will help guide the development of the Recreation Trails Strategy.

Overarching plans

Strategic plans

Supplemental plans

Emerging municipal plans

  • Active Transportation Plan
  • Priority Habitat Management Strategy
  • Wildfire Resiliency Plan


The Recreation Trails Strategy project is 100 per cent funded from the Province of British Columbia through its Resort Municipality Initiative (RMI) program.